How Complexity Science Helps Us Understand Communities
Northumbria University Research Conference, 20 May 2015
The application of complexity concepts to communities gives a rich and accurate picture of the neighbourhoods examined. This includes those living and working in the local area, the organisations involved and the infrastructure that is present.
This differs from standard approaches by using the knowledge of those involved to build the evidence produced by the research. This is done by applying concepts taken from complexity science as ‘interaction’ and ‘emergence’.
These are used to place those living and working in a community at the centre of the investigation and analysis of the community. Asking these people about their experiences yields a powerful sense of place and shows the factors that really matter. This is exemplified here by two communities, one in the west and one in the east of Newcastle upon Tyne.
Social factors, such as trust and willingness, are found to determine the success or failure of community activities. Though present, economic factors are found to be less important. Such a finding differs from the standard economic approach to community analysis and intervention.
Listening to the people involved, and using a complexity informed approach produces an understanding of how a community works that may be built on to improve life for those living, working and visiting the area.